In order to reduce fuel consumption and improve the quality of life of people in rural communities, which are the poorest in Chiapas and in several states, Dr. Nein Farrera Vazquez, a professor at Universidad del Valle de México Campus Tuxtla, designed in conjunction with researchers from the University of Science and Arts of Chiapas (UNICACH) and the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), a stove with flexible multifunctional technology that uses three sources of fuel.
The stove was designed to use renewable energy, working with wood, sawdust and biogas. The device has provisions for water heating and smoking meat in addition to food preparation. This technology is aimed at disadvantaged rural communities.
The multifunctional stove project is one of ten patents and technology developed during the last year by the team of "Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development in Chiapas', involving Dr. Nein Farrera and a group of researchers from UNICACH and UNAM. The number of patents registered is a record for the state, which normally registers three new patents per year. "The total number of patents in the last year were 21, ten of which I helped to create. As the stove patent is approved, we will redouble efforts to mass produce it", said Professor Farrera.
"We are seeking funding from various institutions both in Mexico and abroad to manufacture it because this technology has the potential to directly benefit 30% of Mexico using firewood for cooking. Ecological stoves are environmentally friendly and can reduce the likelihood of respiratory diseases caused by the inhalation of smoke from cooking in a traditional way," said the teacher from UVM’s Campus Tuxtla.
Besides the multifunctional stove, the 10 technology patents that Dr. Nein Farrera and his fellow researchers created during the last year include a solar dryer and an agricultural dehydrator for products like coffee, corn, or cheese, which preserves food and improves product quality to provide marketable products to lower quality commercial alternatives.
Dr. Nein Farrera belongs to the National Researchers System of CONACYT. He believes that Chiapas is at the forefront in the development of national patents, precisely because of the problems that exist at local and regional level. "There are many needs in the communities in Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz, Yucatan Peninsula, so researchers from universities like UVM are trying to approach these problems and find solutions, generating technologies to help the most disadvantaged."
"We know that we have a lot to do, we need develop more technology, but I think we are taking firm steps that we believe are correct. We are testing our projects and want to help improve the social situation of rural communities," he said.
This article has been translated into English to be shared on the Laureate International Universities website.